Dr. Victoria Simms works at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
â€œWe canâ€™t possibly go the route of training psychiatrists and psychologists because it would take 15 years. How are we going to provide treatment?â€
So, doctors created a simple but effective program. They placed wooden seats â€“ which they call â€œFriendship Benchesâ€ — outside several health clinics in the city of Harare. Dr. Simms says people were given the chance to meet on the benches for six sessions with health workers. They call these workers â€œgrandmother health providers.â€
â€œSo the patient explains what all their problems are and its opening up the mind in the sense of allowing the patient to see that they can do something about their problems.â€
The Friendship Bench study involved more than 550 patients. After six months, only 14 percent of the patients in the Friendship Bench group said they were still depressed. That compares to 50 percent of those who did not receive treatment. Those who received the treatment were also five times less likely to have suicidal thoughts.
Dr. Dixon Chibanda is with the University of Zimbabwe. He is one of the founders of the Friendship Bench program. He told VOA that the program has many benefits.
â€œNot only a mental health sort of package, but a package that actually improved outcomes of things like hypertension, diabetes and, and adherence to medication for people living with HIV.â€
Friendship Benches are now placed in 60 clinics in Harare and two other cities.
The Canadian government is helping to pay for the programâ€™s expansion through its Grand Challenges Canada aid program.
Researchers say the program could be a model for mental health efforts in poor areas as well as in wealthier countries.
Iâ€™m John Russell.
Correspondent Henry Ridgwell reported this story from London. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted his report for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.
We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section, or visit our Facebook page.Post published in: Featured